Devshayani Ekadashi 2023: Muhurat, Significance, Rituals, and Spiritual Observance


Devshayani Ekadashi 2023: Significance, Rituals, and Spiritual Observance


Devshayani Ekadashi, also known as Ashadhi Ekadashi or Shayani Ekadashi, is a significant Hindu festival observed on the eleventh day of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) in the Hindu month of Ashadha. This auspicious occasion holds immense spiritual significance as it marks the beginning of the Chaturmas period, during which Lord Vishnu is believed to go into a deep slumber for four months. In this article, we will delve into the significance of Devshayani Ekadashi, its rituals, and the spiritual observance associated with this sacred day.

Significance of Devshayani Ekadashi

Devshayani Ekadashi is celebrated to commemorate the cosmic union of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi, his divine consort. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Vishnu, the preserver, and protector of the universe, reclines on the cosmic serpent, Shesha, in the Ksheer Sagar (ocean of milk). On this day, he enters a deep slumber and remains asleep for the next four months until Prabodhini Ekadashi, which falls in the month of Kartik. This period of Lord Vishnu's rest is considered highly auspicious and holds immense spiritual significance.


  • Ekadashi Tithi Begins - 03:18 AM on Jun 29, 2023
  • Ekadashi Tithi Ends - 02:42 AM on Jun 30, 2023
  • Date: June 29, 2023
  • Tithi: Ashadha Shukla Ekadashi
  • Ekadashi Tithi Start time: 3:18 AM IST
  • Ekadashi Tithi End time: 2:42 PM IST
  • Puja muhurat: 10:05 AM to 11:30 AM IST

Rituals and Observances

  1. Fasting: Devotees observe a fast on Devshayani Ekadashi to seek the blessings of Lord Vishnu and to purify their body and mind. The fast begins on the Dashami (tenth day) and continues till the Dwadashi (twelfth day). Some devotees observe a complete fast, abstaining from both food and water, while others observe a partial fast by consuming fruits and milk. The fast is believed to bring peace, prosperity, and spiritual upliftment.

  2. Devotional Activities: On this day, devotees engage in various devotional activities to express their reverence towards Lord Vishnu. They chant Vishnu Sahasranama (the thousand names of Lord Vishnu), sing devotional hymns, and offer prayers in temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Reading and reciting sacred scriptures such as the Bhagavad Gita and the Ramayana are also common practices.

  3. Charitable Acts: Devotees believe in performing acts of charity and selflessness on this day. They offer food, clothing, and other essentials to the less fortunate, seeking to emulate the divine qualities of Lord Vishnu and practicing compassion towards all beings.

  4. Tulsi Vivah: In some regions, Devshayani Ekadashi is also celebrated as Tulsi Vivah, the ceremonial marriage of the sacred Tulsi plant (holy basil) to Lord Vishnu. This ritual symbolizes the divine union of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi and is performed with great devotion and enthusiasm.

Spiritual Significance

Devshayani Ekadashi provides a golden opportunity for spiritual introspection and growth. The act of fasting and observing strict discipline during this period helps devotees cultivate self-control, endurance, and detachment from worldly desires. It is believed that sincere observance of Devshayani Ekadashi can lead to the forgiveness of sins, purification of the soul, and the attainment of moksha (liberation from the cycle of birth and death).

The period of Lord Vishnu's slumber is also considered highly sacred for undertaking spiritual practices such as meditation, chanting mantras, and studying spiritual texts. Devotees use this time to deepen their connection with the divine and intensify their spiritual Sadhana (practice).


Devshayani Ekadashi, the festival that marks the beginning of Lord Vishnu's divine slumber, holds immense significance in Hindu mythology. It serves as a reminder of the eternal cosmic cycle and provides devotees with an opportunity to engage in spiritual practices, seek divine blessings, and purify their body, mind, and soul. By observing the rituals and observing strict discipline, devotees can experience spiritual growth, inner transformation, and a deeper connection with the divine. Devshayani Ekadashi offers a precious chance to embark on a spiritual journey and attain the ultimate goal of liberation and union with the divine.

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